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The Victim Mindset: How To Spot It, How To Lose It

people with victim mindsetThe NLP term of complex equivalence is not that well known outside the realm of NLP practitioners and therapists, and that’s a great shame because they are awesomely powerful and rarely in a good way.

Once you know what a complex equivalence is, how they work and why they hold so many people back when it comes to self development, you can take the necessary measures to make sure you don’t slip into their evil grasp.

I’m going to make a statement which is a complex equivalence and then take a look at what makes it wrong and why this kind of thinking can be lead to people adopting a victim mindset.

I shall be using the mythical Rob as our hero.

By the way if you’d prefer to watch a video explanation, simply scroll to the bottom!

Complex Equivalences

Rob: “My boss made me so angry today when she set fire to all my shit and then tarred and feathered me just because my report was late going in”

Rob has the mistaken belief that this means that, or more accurately, cause =  effect.

Rob stated he got mad because he had been tarred and feathered after seeing his personal possessions set alight.

Not an unreasonable reaction I think we can all agree, but nonetheless it’s incorrect to say that his bosses actions caused him to be angry.

What really happened is his boss acted like a total loon, he decided what her behavior meant to him and reacted according to his beliefs and previous patterns of behavior.

In other words what really happened is:

Cause – Interpretation – Effect

The problem is, the interpretation happened incredibly rapidly (about 1/3rd of a second) and at an unconscious level. As such, Rob wasn’t even aware of it and so understandably thought the event caused the response.

Let’s suppose the following  scenario had played out beforehand.

Rob is called into the CEO’s office to be greeted by the CEO and Head of HR. They solemnly tell him that they believe his boss has a plot to set fire to all his shit and then tar and feather him.

They offer Rob two options.

  • Option 1 – They will fire her now and appoint a new manager and everything returns to normal.
  • Option 2 – They allow her to do it so they can film it and post it on YouTube for a laugh. Rob will then not only get her job but also a $1m bonus for being a good sport, a company car and some brand new shit that he can set fire to at his own leisure if he so wishes.

Rob punches the air in delight, opts for the latter option and leaves the office with a spring in his step and whistling happily to himself.

I think we can agree the above scenario is a tad unlikely, but it does demonstrate that cause does not necessarily = effect*

Even though we haven’t changed the cause (Rob is still in for some shit burning and a bit of a tar and feathering), his response will be entirely different and he’ll probably be shaving his own head in readiness for the feathers to be applied.

Step Into The Gap

Fortunately when we start to take the time to analyze our past reactions to negative events we can nearly always see there was a belief about what something meant to us that dictated how we reacted.

Let’s take a look at a couple more examples:

“This blog post is offensive.”

Really? A blog post is offensive is it? Are you sure you don’t mean that you decided to get offended by some words on a computer screen because they don’t align with your values and beliefs?

Unless every single person on the planet was offended by the same blog post, then in and of itself the blog post can’t be the reason for the offense, but the interpretation the individual places upon it.

“My husband hurt my feelings when he said I was terrible cook”

No he didn’t. He offered an opinion on your less than stellar culinary skills and you decided that you would feel bad about it.

Somebody else may have responded with “Yeh I was taught by my mother and you know her cooking sucks. Oh and by the way, you’re not getting any action for the next month!” and laughed it off.

Another person may have said “I know gorgeous, how about you buy me some cordon bleu cooking lessons for my birthday?

The cause remained the same only this time the interpretation and thus the response lead to a different more positive outcome

Can you see what all complex equivalence thinking does?

The Victim Mindset

It allows us to abdicate responsibility for our reactions and blame them on others.

That in turn leads us to believe we are not in control of how we react to things that are happening to us.

In general, people with a strong victim mindset are unhappier, stressed, more judgmental of others and less satisfied with themselves and their lives and they always use complex equivalences on a regular basis.

So how do we stop that happening?

As I mentioned above. The gap between cause and effect which I prefer to call ’cause and reaction’, is about 1/3rd of one second.

That is the amount of time you have to recognize what’s happening and step into the gap by responding in a way that makes you feel like you are in control.

To all intents and purposes we are reframing and if you don’t know what that is click the link because it is the most powerful self development skill you can adopt.

One third of one second doesn’t sound like much time and to begin with and it isn’t.

Short Cut The Process

However, there’s a great way to speed up the process, and that is to revisit events from your past when you felt bad due to the actions of others.

Look at what your beliefs were about the event and situation and recognize that is all they were, merely beliefs with no exceptions.

Replay the situation in your mind with your new belief and feel how great it is to have control of the situation.

If you do this enough times you will eventually train your brain to be ready to step into the gap when somebody starts to set fire to your shit.

More Complex Equivalences

There are other examples of complex equivalences that are slightly different, but equally unhelpful.

  • It’s raining therefore the BBQ will suck (victim mindset)
  • I’m going out for dinner with friends and I’m bound to blow my diet (victim mindset – abdication of responsibility)
  • The guy collects trash for a living, so he’s probably not the brightest (judgmental behavior)

All of the above utilize faulty logic and as such are unhelpful.

  • I for one had a great BBQ one time dodging the rain and trying to avoid setting fire to the house when we finally brought the BBQ inside.
  • I have been out with my wife many times when she has stuck to her diet with what to me would have amounted to overwhelming temptation.
  • And one of the smartest guys I knew was a dustbin man (as we call them in the UK). He just loved to work outside and he considered he was helping people by removing their garbage. What an awesome way of looking at a job most people would look down on don’t you think?

You’re probably never going to eradicate complex equivalences from your life because they are so prevalent, but if you can spot the ones that are undermining your self esteem and making you feel like everybody wants to set your shit on fire, you’re good to go!

* There are exceptions to this rule and these are hard wired responses. if you put your hand on Robs burning possessions by mistake you will remove it pretty damn quickly.

That is a cause and effect and not a complex equivalence because your response does not run through your belief system and is purely electrical.

22 comments to The Victim Mindset: How To Spot It, How To Lose It

  • Rakesh

    Tim, this is a great way to explain what could well be the Mother of all theories. This is probably THE single most important philosophy to adopt in life – there is nothing ‘Out there’; everything stems from your own reactions and interpretations of any event. And if you happen to be in control of ANY interpretation, which you always are, then why not interpret in a way that’s beneficial to you.
    Brilliant. Thanks for this one.

  • I’m working to train my kids on this early. When my 6 yr. old daughter whines that her brother made her upset, I always remind her that he didn’t do anything. She chose to interpret what he did a certain way then she chose to be upset about it. I’m not quite sure she gets it yet but no harm in trying.

    In the land of adults, I had a boss who would break down in tears when her boss would yell at her and take personal shots at her (he did this with just about everyone). One time she came into my office in tears and asked me why he doesn’t get to me. I looked her straight in the eyes and said, “The man has issues. Don’t take it personally.” Apparently she hadn’t thought about it that way.

    We always have a choice in how to react if we’ll slow down to make the choice to step into the gap.

    I’m pretty sure I would choose the happy dance if my boss were going to pay me $1M to watch someone burn all my stuff.

    • Good luck with that Paige!

      Not having kids I’ve never got to try this stuff on anybody that edge, but I’m guessing you may be the recipient of some serious eye-rolling ;-)

      • Ha, as a mom of 3 I can verify that’s true in my house, Tim. I often point this out….and they HATE it. Much eye-rolling!

        They also like to use it against me whenever I get upset: “But mom, it’s not what *I* did! YOU’RE in charge of how you react!”

        Kids = zen masters in disguise, always :)

        • Helen does that on me.

          The other day I said to her something along the lines of “Well you never explained it properly” and she came back with “No, you didn’t listen properly!”

  • Matias

    Hey Tim, I posted this exact comment on your youtube video. Thanks a lot, I find your website very useful.

    What you are talking about I think is exactly the same as in REBT (Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy) specifically what they call the ABC model…. “REBT is based on the premise that whenever we become upset, it is not the events taking place in our lives that upset us; it is the beliefs that we hold that cause us to become depressed, anxious, enraged, etc.”

  • Leann

    Just had to say love this article. I wish there was a way to make everyone understand this “gap” concept, or that I had that tool. I don’t expect everyone to use my route to discovering this truth, so now you have me intrigued about a shorter path to helping people become aware of this..hmmm. Thanks for this nugget!!

  • I have to say I really agree with the idea and recognize in myself the victim mindset(although in not every situation,I am proud to say I abolished it partially and adopted the different mindset in some situations of my life).Although,I do not quite understand how you get the control of the situation especially if a situation has to do with another person and not just yourself and your daily routine ;/

  • Fabiana

    Hi Tim!
    Alright, I understand with the examples what a complex equivalence means, and I can see how useful it would be to identify them more frequently.
    But why are they called that? That I don’t understand. Like, a complex way of thinking that messes it up? Haha that’s the only way I can remember the term…

    • The complex part simply means we’re looking for something that isn’t there or over thinking it.

      And the equivalence is the conclusions we can arrive at using that type of thinking.

  • Sandy

    Hi Tim,

    Recently I have been watching many of the victims around me and the situations that they had created. As well, I have been paying attentions to my feelings regarding these situations and found myself struggling a little. After reading this I have much clarity and have aimed my thoughts back in the right direction. This really is huge….I will be using it with my clients.

    Thanks a million!!

  • Colleen

    Hi Tim! Thanks for the wonderful explanation of this!!! I learned this concept in coaching school -although we didn’t call it complex equivalence- and I have found it to be a bit tricky to explain to clients and even friends and family. Your explanation provided another way of understanding it and I’ll be using it with my clients, friends and family. And, of course, I then had to listen to the video of you explaining it because I just love to hear you talk. :)


  • lindy

    well explained and inspiring-was sitting here having a little pity party and stumbled onto your great website-thanks so much..
    good to have the reminder!